ACADEMICS

  • Biology Courses (Undergraduate)

    BI 101 Concepts of Biology
    LASC—Natural Systems and Processes
    Unifying principles in biology; diversity and evolution of plant and animal life at cellular and organismic levels. Three
    lecture hours and a two hour laboratory per week.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.
     
    BI 103 The Human Animal
    LASC – NSP (NSP w/ Lab if BI 104 is also taken)
    A general survey of the structure and function of human body systems from the biochemical and cellular basis
    of life to evolution of the human body and the organization of organs and organ systems, including the biological
    basis of selected disease states.
    Offered yearly. 3 credits.
     
    BI 104 The Human Animal Lab
    LASC – NSP w/ Lab (when taken with BI 103)
    This course is the lab to accompany The Human Animal, a general survey of the structure and function of human
    body systems from the biochemical and cellular basis of life to evolution of the human body and the organization
    of organs and organ systems, including the biological basis of selected disease states.
    Offered yearly. 1 Credit.
     
    BI 111 Social Biology
    LASC—Human Behavior and Social Processes; Natural Systems and Processes
    This course considers the interface between current biological technologies and the social, cultural, legal, and moral
    postures of modern man.
    Offered every year. 3 credits.
     
    BI 112 Diseases and Mankind

    LASC— Global Perspectives; Natural Systems and Processes
    Diseases of ancient and modern man; the impact on history, religion, science, art and philosophy. Not suitable for
    Biology majors.
    Offered every year. 3 credits.
     
    BI 114 Plants and Human Affairs
    LASC—Global Perspectives; Natural Systems and Processes
    Man’s dependence upon plants and their influence on civilization and its art, religions, literature, folklore, medicine,
    and human behavior. Not suitable for Biology majors.
    Offered every year. 3 credits.
     
    BI 116 Animal Biology
    LASC—Natural Systems and Processes
    Survey of animal kingdom with emphasis on animal diversity, form, function, ecology, behavior, life histories and animalspecific
    cellular function. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week. Not suitable for Biology majors.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.
     

    BI 117 Humans and the Environment
    LASC—Natural Systems and Processes
    A survey of anthropogenic environmental impacts and the underlying mechanisms involved. Three lecture hours and
    three laboratory hours per week. Not suitable for Biology majors.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 118 Dinosaurs
    LASC—Natural Systems and Processes
    A survey of dinosaurs; their evolution, anatomy, diversity and impact on evolutionary biology. Discussions of the
    changing views of dinosaurs in the media and public consciousness. Three lecture hours and two laboratory hours
    per week. Not suitable for Biology majors.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 120 Darwinian Revolution
    LASC—Thought, Language, and Culture, Natural Science and Processes
    An interdisciplinary perspective on the philosophical, religious, and social impacts of Darwin’s theory of evolution
    by the process of natural selection.
    Offered every 3 years. 3 credits.
     
    BI/WO 125 – Women In Science
    LASC – Human Behavior and Social Processes, Natural Systems and Processes, Diversity Across the Curriculum
    Examines issues related to gender in science and technology. Includes historical and recent contributions to science
    made by women.
    Offered every 3 years. 3 credits.
     
    BI 140 Introduction to Organismal Biology
    LASC—Natural Systems and Processes
    Evolution, ecology, anatomy, and diversity of organisms. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.
     

    BI 141 Introduction to Cellular and Molecular Biology
    LASC—Natural Systems and Processes
    Prerequisite: CH 120, Co-requisite CH 121

    Cellular and molecular concepts in biology. Emphasis on the structure and varied functions of the cell. Three lecture
    hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.
     
    BI 161 Human Anatomy and Physiology I
    Considers human cellular biology, tissues, integumentary, nervous, skeletal and muscular systems. Three lecture
    hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.

    BI 162 Human Anatomy and Physiology II
    LASC—Natural Systems and Processes
    Prerequisite: BI 161

    Considers endocrine, digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, urinary, immune and lymphatic systems; water and
    electrolyte balance, reproduction and embryology. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week. Offered
    every year. 4 credits.
     
    BI 193 Special Topics in Biology for First-Year Students

    All "193" courses are approved for LASC but may vary by section. See current course listing for specific LASC area approval.
    Introductory level course covering topics of special interest to first-year students. Offered only as a First-Year Seminar.
    Offered every year. 3 credits.
     
    BI 199 Selected Topics in Biological Sciences
    Each topic is a lecture and/or laboratory course in a selected area of the biological sciences presented by a
    departmental instructor. Topics will be announced in advance.
    Offered every year. 1-4 credits.
     
    BI 200 Human Biology
    Prerequisites: BI 140/141; OR PB 200
    A systemic approach to the study of human biology. The course will emphasize structure/functional relationships
    and homeostatic mechanisms. Three hour lecture and three hour lab.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.
     
    BI 202 Principles of Ecology
    LASC—Writing Across the Curriculum
    Prerequisites: BI 140, EN 102, MA 150 or higher
    Ecological theory relating to organism-environment interactions; population dynamics and ecosystems. Includes
    fieldwork. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.
     
    BI 203 Genetics
    LASC—Quantitative Literacy Across the Curriculum
    Prerequisites: BI 141, minimum Accuplacer score of 3

    Introductory genetics with examples of human inheritance and recent developments in genetic engineering. Three
    lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.
     
    BI 204 Microbiology

    Prerequisites: BI 141 and CH 121 or consent of instructor
    The structure and replication of microorganisms. Infectious diseases and immune responses are emphasized. Three
    lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.
     
    BI 205 Research Techniques and Experimental Design

    Prerequisites: BI 140, BI 141, MA 150
    Investigations in experimental design and research methodologies required for the Honors Program in Biology. Two
    lecture hours per week.
    Offered every year. 2 credits.
     
    BI 206 Medical Microbiology
    LASC—Natural Systems and Processes
    Prerequisite: BI 161, CH 112 or CH 120; Co-requisite: BI 162

    A study of growth and control of pathogenic microorganisms with emphasis on infectious disease transmission,
    immune responses, prevention and treatment. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.
     
    BI/BT 240 Advanced Research Experience for Undergraduates

    Prerequisite: Permission of instructor
    Lab and/or field based research on a specific research topic under the supervision of a faculty member.
    Offered every semester. 1-6 credits.
     

    BI 271 Basic Kinesiology
    LASC—Natural Systems and Processes
    Prerequisites: BI 161

    Structure and function of human skeletal muscles in relation to motion and general body mechanics under normal
    and stress conditions.
    Offered every year. 3 credits.
     
    BI 301 Topics in Invertebrate Zoology
    Prerequisites: BI 140 and BI 202
    Considers anatomy, taxonomy (including selected articles of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature),
    natural history, and evolutionary relationships of selected invertebrate phyla. Three lecture hours and three laboratory
    hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 302 Entomology
    Prerequisite: BI 140 and BI 202
    Considers insects and their allies, chemical and biological control, and special references to agricultural pests and
    medical entomology. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 303 Parasitology
    Prerequisite: BI 140, BI 200 or BI 161/162
    Basic concepts in symbiology, life cycles, epidemiology, disease development, control and prevention of selected
    human parasites. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 304 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
    Prerequisites: BI 141, BI 200 or BI 161/162
    Considers prochordate and chordate taxonomy and phylogeny; systematic morphological comparison of representative
    chordates to establish homology, analogy, and evolution. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 306 Developmental Biology
    Prerequisites: BI 140, BI 141 and BI 203
    Study of developmental patterns, cellular differentiation and cell interactions resulting in cellular diversity, organization,
    and perpetuation of the germ line. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 313 Histology
    Prerequisites: BI 141, BI 200 or BI 161/162
    The structure and function of animal tissues. Each student is required to prepare tissues using histological methods.
    Three lectures hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 315 Neurosciences
    Prerequisites: BI 161, BI 162 or BI 200
    Structural and functional organization of the central and peripheral nervous system. Principles of normal and
    abnormal transmission, integration, and storage of information in neuronal pathways. Three lecture hours and three
    laboratory hours per week
    Offered every year. 4 credits.
     
    BI 321 Comparative Physiology
    Prerequisites: BI 140, BI 141, BI 200 or BI 161/162
    A comparison of select physiological functions of different animal taxa with mammals used as a reference. Three
    lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 324 Endocrinology
    Prerequisites: BI 140, BI 141, BI 200 or BI 161/162
    The role of endocrine glands in the normal integration of animals; mechanisms of hormone action, function, and
    interrelationships. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 331 Marine Biology

    Prerequisites: BI 140 and BI 202
    Considers the marine environment, its flora and fauna, distribution and production of plankton-nekton-benthos;
    zoogeography, bioeconomic factors and potential. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 333 Vertebrate Natural History of Ectotherms
    Prerequisites: BI 140, BI 202
    Life histories, adaptations, distribution, systematics, and economic importance of ectothermic (cold-blooded)
    vertebrates (fish, amphibians, and reptiles) in northeastern U.S. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours
    per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 334 Wildlife Investigative Techniques
    Prerequisites: BI 140 and BI 202
    Considers procedures for collection and analysis of field and laboratory data on vertebrate game populations useful
    to wildlife biologists. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 340 Plant Sciences
    Prerequisites: BI 140, BI 141, BI 202
    Morphology, anatomy, physiology of flowering plants with studies on life cycles, ecological relationships, biochemical
    processes and evolution of plant diversity. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 341 Mycology
    Prerequisite: BI 140 and BI 202
    The morphology, cytology, and evolution and classification of the fungi. Three lecture hours and three laboratory
    hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 344 Soil Biology
    Prerequisites: BI 140, BI 141, BI 204, CH 120, CH 121
    Includes study of nutrient cycling, relations between plants, animals and microbes, ecology of polluted soils and soil
    biotechnology. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     

    BI 352 Symbiosis and Evolution
    Prerequisites: BI 140, BI 141, BI 204
    Origin and nature of microbial life, evolution of multicellular organisms and the central role played by biological
    symbioses. Lecture and Laboratory. Three hours of lecture and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 360 Animal Behavior

    Prerequisite: BI 140, 202; OR PB 200
    Survey of ethology and behavioral ecology from an historical and evolutionary perspective. Laboratory involves
    observation and recording of animal behavior. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 371 Molecular Biology
    Prerequisites: BI 141 and BI 203; or CH/BI 410
    Modern perspectives on biological macromolecules and information pathways linking them to cellular functions;
    emphasis on experimental techniques and ethical considerations. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours
    per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 372 Immunology
    Prerequisites: BI 141, BI 204
    Study of immune system elements and defense mechanisms. Immunological disorders will be discussed. Three
    lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 375 Virology
    Prerequisites: BI 141 and BI 204
    Physical structure and replication schemes of viruses; role of viruses in human disease, research and commercial
    applications. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BT 375 Tissue Culture
    Prerequisite: CH 120, CH 121
    A review of the methods of animal and plant tissue culture. Media preparation, aseptic techniques and cell culture
    technology. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.
     

    BT 376 Biotechnology
    Prerequisite: CH 120, CH 121, BI 141
    Principles and applications of recombinant DNA (molecular & microbial aspects). The Biotechnology Industry, including
    bioreactor manufacturing standards and government rules. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every year: 4 credits.
     
    BT 378 Bioinformatics

    Prerequisites: BI 141, BI 203
    Provides an overview of Bioinformatics including database structure, genomics, computational biology and proteomics.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 380 Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

    Prerequisites: BI 140, BI 141, BI 202, BI 203
    A theoretical and quantitative approach to species, genetic, ecosystem and community diversity in the context of
    modern conservation biology principles.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 398 Cancer Biology
    Prerequisites: BI 141, BI 203
    Cellular and molecular basis of cancer, including cancer genetics, biochemical pathways related to cancer, and
    modern treatment approaches. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 399 Biochemical Regulatory Mechanisms
    Prerequisites: BI 141 and BI 203; or CH/BI 410
    Examination of the many biochemical mechanisms that regulate gene expression and protein function, with an
    investigative lab project. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 3 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI 401 Selected Topics in Biological Sciences
    Prerequisites: Consent of department and instructor
    Each topic is a lecture and/or laboratory course in a selected area of the biological sciences presented by a
    departmental instructor and/or guest lecturers when appropriate; topic announced in advance.
    Offered every 3 years. 1-4 credits.
     
    BI 402 Independent Studies In Biology
    Prerequisites: Consent of department and instructor
    Advanced semi-independent study (by qualified upper-level Biology majors) of an approved biological problem.
    Faculty supervision required.
    Offered every year. 1-6 credits.
     
    BI 403 Biology Internship
    Prerequisite: Consent of department
    Intended for qualified, upper-level biology majors. Faculty advisor required. (May not be used for major requirements.)
    Offered every year. 1-6 credits.
     

    BI 404 Biology Senior Seminar
    LASC - Major Capstone
    Prerequisite: Senior Standing, BI 202, BI 203, BI 204, and BI 200 or BI 161/162
    Preparation and presentation of biological topics, chosen with the advice and consent of a faculty advisor. Capstone
    course for Biology majors.
    Offered every year. 2 credits.
     
    BI 408 Directed Study
    Directed study offers students, who because of unusual circumstances may be unable to register for a course when
    offered, the opportunity to complete an existing course with an established syllabus under the direction and with
    agreement from a faculty member.
     
    BI/CH 410 Biochemistry I
    Prerequisite: CH 201, CH 202
    The chemistry of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids; enzymes, biological oxidations; and correlations
    in intermediary metabolism. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 2 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI/CH 411 Biochemistry II
    Prerequisite: BI/CH 410
    The generation and storage of metabolic energy; biosynthesis of macromolecular precursors, DNA, RNA, and protein;
    and biochemical regulation. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week.
    Offered every 2 years. 4 credits.
     
    BI/BT 440 - Advanced Research Experience for Undergraduates
    Prerequisites: Junior or senior standing, BI 205, 3 BI courses at WSU, Consent of Instructor
    Advanced lab and/or field based research on a specific research topic under the supervision of a faculty member.
    Offered yearly, Credits 1-6.
     
    BI/PY 451 Nuclear Instrumentation I
    Prerequisite: Consent of NMT coordinator
    Structure, functions, and interactions of particulate and nonparticulate radiations with matter; detection, calibration,
    dosage, and statistical methods.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.
     
    BI/PY 452 Nuclear Instrumentation II
    Prerequisite: Consent of NMT coordinator
    Designed to further the skills of operating, calibrating, and performing routine maintenance on scanners, gamma
    cameras, well-counters, and liquid scintillation counters.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.
     

    BI/CH 453 Radiopharmaceuticals
    Prerequisite: Consent of NMT coordinator
    Fundamental concepts of radiopharmaceutical production and use; includes basic radiochemistry.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.
     
    BI 461/BI 462 NMT Clinical Practicum I and II
    Prerequisite: Consent of NMT coordinator
    Students will spend several days a week in a hospital observing the ongoing activities and procedures of a nuclear
    medicine facility.
    Offered every year. BI 461, 2 credits; BI 462, 4 credits.
     
    BI 463 NMT Practicum III
    Prerequisite: Consent of NMT coordinator
    Guided and supervised by clinical instructors, students begin to acquire manual skills essential to nuclear medicine
    technology; and in performing all routine nuclear medicine examination and laboratory procedures.
    Offered every year. 6 credits.
     
    BI 464 NMT Practicum IV
    Prerequisite: Consent of NMT coordinator
    Upon completion of this practicum, students should be skilled in performing both routine and non-routine nuclear
    medicine examinations and laboratory procedures.
    Offered every year. 8 credits.
     
    BI/CH 465 Clinical Nuclear Medicine Technology I
    Prerequisite: Consent of NMT coordinator
    Considers why a specific test is indicated; which radiopharmaceutical is preferred; and how the basic image
    appearance, and/or numerical data may be altered by pathological states.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.
     
    BI/CH 466 Clinical Nuclear Medicine Technology II
    Prerequisite: Consent of NMT coordinator
    Case presentations using formulas, charts, tables, and calculations to arrive at examination parameters such as
    dose, number of counts, speed of instrument, etc.
    Offered every year. 4 credits.